Successful financial efficiency of an enterprise is a pre-requisite for the expansion and safety of its workers. The position of productiveness subsequently assumes nice significance.
Improving productiveness has at all times been a stay subject for managements. As the profitability of a corporation largely will depend on enchancment in productiveness subsequently, managers are at all times striving to search out methods for reaching the goal of improved productiveness. Productivity is normally outlined mechanically, because the ratio between enter and the output. But, it’s in actual fact an Organizational problem encompassing the human, cultural, technological and ethical points. It is an all-out effort in each sphere of exercise of the group in direction of reaching the goal of most effective administration of all of the out there sources.
“Money”, ‘Machine”, “Material” and “Method” all have their share of importance for increasing productivity But, it is “Man” i.e. the human resource which dominates the show. No amount of money, technological ingenuity or work innovation will do the trick. Unless the most vital resource, i.e. the human resource is ready to rise to the occasion there is no chance of meeting this challenge. Undue emphasis on engineering aspects may, affect the Esprit De Corps and culture of the Organization. Thus the human resource of the organization should form the focal point for any movement towards increasing productivity. Productivity being an attitude, it cannot be transplanted in the body of the Organization. It could only be cultivated by a systematic process involving much initial spade work in the form of a sound organization structure, maintenance of equilibrium vis–vis various activities within the organization as well as clear-cut organizational goals.
The philosophy and the Basic principles underlying the spirit of the organization play an important role in the quest for improved productivity. It is for the Top Management to give spiritual leadership. A high degree of morality, integrity, fair play and justice finding manifestation, in its practices could go a long way in preparing the right kind of soil for nurturing productivity. Any discrepancy, between “the Preaching” and ” the Practice” will erode the administration’s credibility. Organizational local weather and dealing atmosphere have a vital bearing on the drive for enhancing productiveness. A communication system which is conductive to an open dialogue between the administration and workers, the place there’s a free circulation of knowledge on a two-way foundation assist in creating probably the most congenial ambiance for enhancing productiveness. Mutual belief, mutual respect and sharing of frequent objectives is an indication of probably the most harmonious relationship between the administration and workers, which is a sine qua non for constructing the morale of workers and their orientation in direction of enhancing productiveness.
There isn’t any gain-saying that Managerial Leadership can encourage the staff in direction of peak efficiency. We are passing via a time of change. Autocracy is giving option to democracy. There is a rising hatred for any type of pressure or authority. Managers can’t stay oblivious of the happenings round them. They should change their type to go well with the realities of time. It is time management via instance and excellence exchange the management via standing and authority.
The Management should set very excessive efficiency requirements for its personal work, if it warns its workforce to comply with go well with. Management inefficiencies within the type of unwell planning, insufficient security preparations, worn out gear, irregular provide of uncooked materials, lack of ability to take determination on the proper time end result within the administration changing into a goal of reticule and have an effect on the morale of workers. Management ought to ensure that easy and hazard free operations if it desires to show its credentials earlier than the workforce.
Once the administration is ready to persuade its workforce about its personal integrity, credibility and effectivity the following step is worker growth. It is for the managers to encourage, information and enhance the standard of their work. The foremost step is that this connection can be the very idea of labor. Work shouldn’t stay solely as a mode of incomes livelihood, however a supply of serf- satisfaction and self-realization. Thus, cautious job- design and placement considering employee’s potential, expertise, psychological orientation and flexibility is of paramount significance. It is important to comply with the precept of proper individual on the proper job on the proper time. Workers must also have full data of the job they’re doing not solely within the sense of its quick implications, however its healthful impact and contribution in direction of the corporate’s goals.
Productivity is commonly confused merely with extra work by the workforce. However, it relates extra to higher planning than the squeezing of the workforce to the final restrict. It represents enchancment within the working qualities of workers, by improvements in planning and organizing the out there sources. Improving efficiency is extra a results of clever planning and efficient implementation than the additional sweating of the employees. The effectivity of the employees can’t be elevated by over burdening them with work, however by reorganizing their work in such a method that they can apply their expertise in the best method. Repetition and higher expertise of the work (specialization) assist in rising the effectivity to a sure extent, after which it begins giving a adverse suggestions as a consequence of boredom and monotony of the work, adversely affecting the effectivity. Thus steady motivation of the employees is the one method out for reaching improved productiveness.
The first step, upkeep (retaining workers versus flip over) relate to work situations, inter-se relationship vertical in addition to horizontal, technical supervision and private standing. Good working situations, good relationship between superiors and the subordinates and amongst workers, might not in itself give motivation, however their absence actually have an antagonistic impact on the efforts in direction of motivation of workers. The second step in motivation is about satisfaction. An uninterested or disgruntled worker can by no means give his finest. He will stay submerged in his personal worries and issues. Such an worker has a really demoralizing impact on the remainder of the workforce. If, the issues affecting his efficiency are job-related, then resort to job redesigning, alternative, job enrichment and even job rotation will likely be useful. In case of emotional and psychological issues the medium of counseling offers the perfect answer.
The third step is the evaluation of the scenario for motivation. The motivational wants of an worker cowl the vary of bodily and monetary well-being, companionship, love and affection, self-respect, self-accomplishment, autonomy and prospects. However, motivational patterns of workers don’t stay fixed. They carry on altering and it turns into essential to maintain monitor and to remain abreast of the most recent scenario for efficient motivation. It varies with time, atmosphere and other people. However there’s a common recognition that safety, success, accomplishment and longing have a salutary impact on the staff ensuing of their motivation in direction of improved efficiency. A system which supplies a fillip to the employee’s want and talent for creation and achievement is important. The most essential act on administration’s half on this connection is to delegate accountability to the employees about their work together with the required info for controlling the identical. This would create a real feeling of belonging and participation and manifest that the employees are accountable members with particular place of worth and never merely technical components. The, realization, that one is aware of the actual scenario, that one is essential and will take initiative and choices with out worry, create a sense of safety and elation and builds up the morale of the employees. Workers, if satisfied that their efforts would result in fascinating goals will reply enthusiastically to real alternatives to create and provides their finest.
The administration ought to instill a spirit of dynamic seek for development in its workforce and provides them the alternatives for absolutely utilizing their abilities and expertise. Mediocrity or stagnation in work requirements might destroy the out there expertise and expertise. It is, subsequently, crucial to set excessive albeit achievable requirements of efficiency to comprehend the energies of the employees.
Management should pursue the target of upper productiveness not merely for its personal profit, however as a supply of steady enchancment in workers work life. Matching the wants of the workforce to the achievement of organizational goals, present the correct of impetus for peak efficiency. The workers started to connect themselves with the successes of the group. It is, subsequently vital that firm’s prosperity be mirrored within the residing requirements of its workers. Good human relations are typically confused with full give up or indulgent leniency by the administration. The false impression creates a number of issues, lack of self-discipline being one in all them. Firmness or self-discipline fastidiously undertaken with out hurting the self-respect of workers might itself act as a motivating pressure. Wastes or pointless prices within the garb of liberalization and experimentation are harmful. Leakages, un- productive habits and attitudes adversely have an effect on the efforts in direction of enhancing productiveness. Management ought to give a lead on this discipline additionally by strictly adhering to sell-discipline, simplicity and austerity. The entire train in reaching larger productiveness might finish in futility if cautious consideration isn’t given to finish or management these components. It is subsequently incumbent on the administration and the staff to behave collectively to keep away from these troubled waters, in the event that they wish to reap the total harvest of productiveness